In December 2004 an audio message claiming to be from bin Laden was posted directly to a website, rather than sending a copy to al Jazeera as he had done in the past.As a result of the US using its special forces and providing air support for the Northern Alliance ground forces, both Taliban and al-Qaeda training camps were destroyed, and much of the operating structure of al-Qaeda is believed to have been disrupted.In the past, Alneda.com and Jehad.net were perhaps the most significant al-Qaeda websites.Holy War, Inc.: Inside the Secret World of Osama bin Laden (1st ed.). New York: Free Press.Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (August 2016).
However, author and journalist Adam Curtis argues that the idea of al-Qaeda as a formal organization is primarily an American invention.The Law Committee reviews Sharia law, and decides whether particular courses of action conform to it.Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. (August 2013) ( Learn how and when to remove this template message ).The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on December 25, 2009.The reality was that bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri had become the focus of a loose association of disillusioned Islamist militants who were attracted by the new strategy.Unholy Wars: Afghanistan, America and International Terrorism.
Front page of The Guardian Weekly on the eighth anniversary of the September 11 attacks.Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia.Hussein believed that other countries in the Arabian Peninsula were also in danger.A number of overlapping and interrelated organizations were formed, to further those aspirations.Provoke the United States and the West into invading a Muslim country by staging a massive attack or string of attacks on US soil that results in massive civilian casualties.Neither bin Laden nor al-Zawahiri possessed the traditional Islamic scholarly qualifications to issue a fatwa.After the fall of the Afghan communist regime in 1992, Afghanistan was effectively ungoverned for four years and plagued by constant infighting between various mujahideen groups.Many went on to fight in Bosnia and Somalia for global jihad.In the late 1990s, there was a publicly known Media Committee, which ran the now-defunct newspaper Nashrat al Akhbar (Newscast) and handled public relations.
The New Jackals: Ramzi Yousef, Osama Bin Laden and the Future of Terrorism.However, two people were killed in the bombing, an Australian tourist and a Yemeni hotel worker.The continuing internecine strife between various factions, and accompanying lawlessness following the Soviet withdrawal, enabled the growing and well-disciplined Taliban to expand their control over territory in Afghanistan, and it came to establish an enclave which it called the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.As a matter of law, the US Department of Justice needed to show that bin Laden was the leader of a criminal organization in order to charge him in absentia under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, also known as the RICO statutes.This group also enjoyed the loyalty of most Afghan Arab fighters.After the Soviet withdrawal, the Western powers walked away from the region, leaving behind 40,000 militants imported from several countries to wage the anti-Soviet jihad.Nasir al-Wuhayshi was said to have become second in command in 2013.Al-Qaeda stepped in and assumed control of around 80% of the terrorist cells in Bosnia in late 1995.
President Obama asked his Yemen counterpart Ali Abdullah Saleh to ensure closer cooperation with the US in the struggle against the growing activity of al-Qaeda in Yemen, and promised to send additional aid.In 2003, President Bashar al-Assad revealed in an interview with a Kuwaiti newspaper that he doubted that al-Qaeda even existed.
Although bin Laden still held considerable ideological sway over some Muslim extremists before his death, experts argue that al-Qaeda has fragmented over the years into a variety of regional movements that have little connection with one another.The goal of this phase was to recruit young men to the cause and to transform the al-Qaeda group into a movement.The Blotter from Brian Ross. ABC News. Archived from the original on May 9, 2010.Please help improve this section by clarifying or removing superfluous information.Bin Laden explained the origin of the term in a videotaped interview with Al Jazeera journalist Tayseer Alouni in October 2001.